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The History of Cleveland History Timeline


1796Moses Cleaveland and survey party arrive 22 July.
1797First wedding held in the settlement of Cleaveland (as the village was known until 1831).
First white baby born to Tabitha Stiles.
Lorenzo Carter, prominent early settler, arrives.
1798Nathaniel Doan settles what will become "Doan's Corners."
1800Cleveland population--7.
David and Gilman Bryant open the community's first distillery.
Trumbull County created, with Cleveland located in that county.
1801A grand ball is held 4 July.
1802First census of Cleveland Township shows 76 free male inhabitants over the age of 21.
1803Ohio admitted to the Union.
Mail service extended to Cleveland.
1805The community's first postmaster, Elisha Norton, appointed.
Indian claims are cleared to the lands west of the Cuyahoga River.
Geauga County created, with Cleveland located in that county.
1806Moses Cleaveland dies in Connecticut.
1807First Presbyterian Church in what is now East Cleveland is founded; it is the second church in the entire Western Reserve.
1808Lorenzo Carter builds the Zephyr, first ship to be launched in Cleveland.
Samuel Huntington elected governor of Ohio.
1809George Peake arrives in what is now Lakewood/Rocky River, the area's first African-American settler.
Euclid Township created.
1810Cleveland population--57 (approximate).
Cuyahoga County organized; Cleveland selected as county seat.
David Long, the community's first doctor, arrives.
1812John O'Mic, a native American implicated in a murder, is first person to be executed in Cleveland.
1813Oliver Hazard Perry wins the Battle of Lake Erie at Put-in-Bay.
Cleveland's first courthouse completed.
1814Cleveland receives its charter as a village 23 December.
Lorenzo Carter dies.
Newburgh Township created.
1815Alfred Kelley elected first president of the village of Cleveland.
Euclid Avenue laid out.
1816Commercial Bank of Lake Erie opens in Cleveland.
Trinity Episcopal Parish organized.
First divorce in the community granted.
1818Walk-in-the-Water, first steamship on Lake Erie, serves Cleveland.
First newspaper, the Cleaveland Gazette and Commercial Register, published 31 July.
Royalton Township created.
1819The Cleveland Herald and Gazette publishes its first issue 19 October.
1820Cleveland population--606.
Cuyahoga County population--6,328.
First Presbyterian Church (Old Stone) organized.
The first theatrical performance held 23 May.
1822North Union Shaker colony established in what is now Shaker Heights.
A free bridge is opened across the Cuyahoga River.
1825Construction of Ohio and Erie Canal
Federal funds received for river improvement.
1826St. Mary's, the community's first Catholic church, is organized.
Land is purchased for Erie Street Cemetery.
1827Ohio and Erie Canal opens between Akron and Cleveland 4 July.
Cuyahoga Steam Furnace Co. organized.
1828Cleveland's second courthouse opened.
1829First public market opens on Ontario Street.
First lighthouse begins operation.
1830Cleveland population--1,075.
Cuyahoga County population--10,373.
First temperance society, Cuyahoga County Temperance Society, organized.
Western Seaman's Friend Society, an ancestor of today's Center for Human Services, organized.
St. John's African Methodist Episcopal Church organized.
1831The Cleveland Advertiser "officially" changes the spelling of the community's name to Cleveland.
James A. Garfield born in Orange Township.
1832Ohio and Erie Canal completed to the Ohio River.
A free school for blacks organized.
Major cholera epidemic takes fifty lives.
Dunham Tavern opens.
1833First Baptist Society organized.
1835Benjamin Strickland, the community's first dentist, arrives.
1836Cleveland and City of Ohio (Ohio City) incorporated as official cities.
John Willey elected first mayor of Cleveland.
Josiah Barber elected first mayor of Ohio City.
"Bridge War" between Cleveland and Ohio City takes place.
1837Cleveland Female Orphan Asylum opens.
Cleveland Grays organized.
Bedford Village incorporated.
Cuyahoga County Anti-Slavery Society organized.
1838St. John's Episcopal Church completed in Ohio City.
1839First group of Jewish settlers comes to Cleveland under the leadership of Moses Alsbacher.
1840Cleveland population--6,071 (45th largest city in nation).
Ohio City population--1,577.
Cuyahoga County population--26,506.
Globe Theater opens.
1842Plain Dealer begins publication 7 January.
1843Cleveland Medical College established.
1844Steamship Empire built in Cleveland.
Village of Chagrin Falls incorporated.
1845City Bank of Cleveland (forerunner of National City Corp.) founded.
Chagrin Falls Township created.
Cleveland Academy of Natural Science established.
1846Anshe Chesed Congregation (today's Fairmount Temple) erects city's first synagogue.
Germania, the community's first German language newspaper, published.
Central High School established 13 July.
1847Catholic Diocese created in Cleveland 23 April.
The city's most notable hotel, the Weddell House, opens 25 June.
First telegraph line--from Cleveland to Pittsburgh--completed.
1848Cornerstone for St. John Cathedral laid 22 October.
Board of Trade, forerunner of the Growth Association, established.
Cleveland Library Association chartered.
1849Society for Savings (forerunner of Society Corp.) founded.
Cleveland, Columbus and Cincinnati Railroad runs first train in the city.
First street light installed.
National Meeting of the Free Soil party held in Cleveland 13 July.
1850Cleveland population--17,034.
Ohio City population--6,375.
Cuyahoga County population--48,099.
Organized harness racing begins.
Cleveland Ladies Temperance Union founded.
Berea incorporated as a village.
Cleveland Iron Mining Co. established.
1851In Zion Lutheran Church, first Christmas tree displayed.
Cleveland, Columbus, and Cincinnati Railroad completed.
1852Louis Kossuth visits Cleveland.
1853First African American newspaper, The Aliened-American, published 9 April.
The Cleveland Theater opens.
Federal District Court of the Northern District of Ohio established.
1854Cleveland and Ohio City merge 5 June.
First formal opera, Lucia di Lammermoor, performed 25 July.
Cleveland Leader begins publication 16 March.
Cuyahoga County People's (Republican) Party formed in September.
1855Sault Canal opens.
Baldwin University founded in Berea.
1856Water system begins operation.
1857Omnibus service begins in the city.
Village of Olmsted Falls incorporated.
Public Square enclosed by fences.
1858First sewer constructed.
Cleveland (Bank) Clearinghouse established.
1859Oberlin-Wellington Rescuers' trial held in Cleveland.
1860Cleveland population--43,417.
Cuyahoga County population--78,033.
Horsecar service inaugurated.
Perry Monument on Public Square dedicated 10 September.
Typographical Workers Union, Local 53 (Cleveland's oldest existing trade union in 1996) receives its charter.
1861Bagby Fugitive Slave case heard in Cleveland Federal Court.
Abraham Lincoln visits Cleveland 15 February.
1863German Wallace College established in Berea.
First home delivery of mail takes place in Cleveland 1 July.
Cleveland Republican John Brough elected governor of Ohio.
1865Lincoln's body lies in state on Public Square.
Charity Hospital opens.
Forest City amateur baseball club established.
1866Union Depot opens on lakefront.
Cleveland Police Department established.
1867Western Reserve Historical Society formed.
First history of Cleveland published, that of Charles Whittlesey.
Case Hall opens.
1868First "blow" of Bessemer Steel made at the Cleveland Rolling Mills 6 September.
Jewish Orphan Asylum (predecessor of Bellefaire) opens.
1869First professional baseball game played by the Forest City team.
Cleveland Public Library established.
Lake View Cemetery opens.
1870Cleveland population--92,829 (15th largest city in nation).
Cuyahoga County population--132,010.
Standard Oil Co. created 10 January.
Sherwin-Williams Co. created 3 February.
Northern Ohio Fair Association established.
1871Board of Park Commissioners created.
Cleveland Sunday Times, first successful Sunday paper, published 15 October.
1872Horse epidemic, the Epizootic, takes place.
Union Club formed.
1873Cleveland Bar Association established.
Newburgh annexed to Cleveland.
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers moves its national offices to Cleveland.
John P. Green installed as Justice of the Peace, first African-American to hold elective office in Cleveland.
1874Woman's Christian Temperance League established.
1875Euclid Avenue Opera House opens.
The Greenback Party holds its organizing convention in Cleveland.
1876Archibald Willard exhibits the "Spirit of 76."
1877General railroad strikes take place.
Troop A ("First Cleveland Cavalry") formed to protect the city against strikers.
Cleveland branch of Socialist Labor Party organized.
1878Superior Street Viaduct opens 28 December.
Penny Press, predecessor to the Cleveland Press, begins publication 2 November.
Women's and Children's Dispensary opens.
1879Brush arc light installed on Public Square 29 April.
Early Settlers Association formed 19 November.
Cleveland's professional baseball team joins the National League.
1880Cleveland population--160,146 (12th largest city in nation).
Cuyahoga County population--196,943.
Cleveland Telephone Co. begins service.
Case School of Applied Sciences established.
Civil Engineers Club (later the Cleveland Engineering Society) formed.
The west breakwall completed.
1881James Garfield lies in state on Public Square after being assassinated.
Cleveland stockyards open.
Hungarian Benevolent and Social Union (HBSU) formed.
1882Western Reserve College moves to Cleveland.
Cleveland School of Art established, 13 November.
First Cleveland Rolling Mill strike takes place.
1884First electric streetcar run in the city, 26 July.
Cleveland Electric Light Co. formed.
1885Second Cleveland Rolling Mill strike takes place.
Hollenden Hotel opens 7 June.
Mary P. Spargo becomes first female lawyer in Cleveland.
1886St. Ignatius College opens 6 September.
Board of Elections organized.
Altenheim opens.
Cleveland Athletic Club formed 6 February.
1887American Institute of Architects, Cleveland Chapter, formed.
Cleveland Press Club established.
1888Central Viaduct opens.
Statue of Moses Cleaveland dedicated on Public Square.
1889First edition of Hebrew Observer published 5 July.
Cleveland World begins publication 29 August.
South Brooklyn (Brooklyn) Village incorporated.
1890Cleveland population--261,353 (10th largest city in nation).
Cuyahoga County population--309,970.
Society for Savings Building opens 23 June.
The Arcade opens.
Garfield Monument dedicated in Lake View Cemetery.
First cable cars run in Cleveland.
Beeman's Pepsin Gum introduced.
1891National League Park (League Park) opens 1 May.
Hungarian-language newspaper, Szabadsag, published.
Halles Department Store opens.
Cleveland adopts the Federal Plan of municipal government.
The Cleveland Citizen, "American's oldest labor paper" begins publishing 31 January.
Winton Bicycle Co. established.
1892Central breakwall completed.
Rowfant Club established.
Tavern Club established.
1893Cleveland and Buffalo line starts lake steamer service.
Grays Armory opens.
1894Soldiers and Sailors Monument dedicated.
Polish Roman Catholic Union of the Sacred Heart of the Blessed Virgin (predecessor to Union of Poles) established.
1895Alta House Kindergarten opens.
Euclid Beach opens.
First interurban, Akron, Bedford, and Cleveland, begins service.
Alliance of Transylvanian Saxons founded.
East Cleveland incorporated as a village.
Cleveland Spiders win Temple Cup in baseball.
1896Cleveland celebrates its centennial.
Hiram House established.
1897Winton Motor Carriage Co. started.
Bohemian National Hall opens.
1898University Club opens 8 June.
1899Streetcar strike.
1900Cleveland population--381,768 (7th largest city in nation).
Cuyahoga County population--439,120.
Cleveland Automobile Club established.
First White steam car produced.
1901The Cleveland Blues (predecessor to the Cleveland Indians) are established as one of the first teams in the new American League.
Tom Johnson elected mayor of Cleveland.
Cleveland resident Leon Czolgosz assassinates President William McKinley.
1902First local Parent Teachers Association established.
Village of Linndale incorporated.
Date of municipal and county elections changed from first Tuesday in April to first Tuesday after the first Monday in November.
1903Group Plan unveiled.
Hanna-McCormick wedding takes place in Cleveland, President Theodore Roosevelt attends.
The Village of Bay (Bay Village) achieves village status.
Bratenahl Village incorporated.
Brooklyn Heights Village incorporated.
Cleveland Heights Village incorporated.
Euclid Village incorporated.
Lakewood Village incorporated.
Rocky River Village incorporated.
1904Marcus A. Hanna dies.
First Italian-language newspaper, L'Italiano, established.
First official "nest" (No. 23) of the Sokol Polski formed in Cleveland.
Workmens Circle organization established.
A. M. McGregor Home established.
Newburgh Heights incorporated as a village.
Cleveland's first building code written.
1905First issue of the Cleveland News published 12 June.
Glenville City annexed to Cleveland.
South Brooklyn annexed to Cleveland.
1906George Crile performs first successful human blood transfusion.
Cleveland street names and house numbers changed and standardized 1 December.
1907Trinity Cathedral consecrated 24 September.
Hippodrome Theater opens.
Cleveland Zoo begins move from Wade Park to Brookside Park (completed 1914).
1908Collinwood School Fire.
Village of North Olmsted incorporated.
North Randall Village incorporated.
Idlewood Village (University Heights) incorporated.
1909Workers Gymnastic Union (a Czech organization) formed.
Tom L. Johnson loses mayoral race to Hermann Baehr.
Corlett Village annexed to Cleveland.
1910Cleveland population--560,663 (6th largest city in nation).
Cuyahoga County population--637,425.
Cleveland annexes Collinwood.
Tayler Grant for the operation of Cleveland's street railways goes into effect.
Village of Fairview (Fairview Park) incorporated.
Thomas W. Fleming becomes first African-American member of City Council.
Federal Building opens on Public Square as first Group Plan structure.
1911Cleveland Music School Settlement opens.
Tom L. Johnson dies, 11 April.
Phillis Wheatley Association founded.
East Cleveland becomes a city.
Lakewood achieves city status.
Shaker Heights Village incorporated.
Dover Village (Westlake) incorporated.
1912Cleveland City Club formed.
Junior League established.
Village of Nottingham annexed to Cleveland.
1913Home Rule City Charter approved by Cleveland voters.
1914Cleveland Foundation established.
Cleveland chosen as the Fourth District headquarters of the Federal Reserve Bank.
Brook Park Village incorporated.
Independence Village incorporated.
Cleveland Municipal Light Plant goes into operation.
1915Russell and Rowena Jelliffe found the "Playhouse Settlement," forerunner of today's Karamu House.
Beachwood Village incorporated.
Maple Heights Village incorporated.
1916First production by the Cleveland Play House.
Cleveland Museum of Art opens.
Women's City Club established.
Cleveland City Hall dedicated.
1917Detroit-Superior (Veterans Memorial) High Level Bridge opens.
Cleveland Metroparks organized.
Euclidville (Lyndhurst) incorporated as a village.
Claribel (Richmond Heights) incorporated as a village.
Solon Village incorporated.
South Euclid Village incorporated.
Negro Welfare Association (forerunner of the Urban League) founded in December.
1918First concert of the Cleveland Orchestra held 11 December.
Federal Court trial of Eugene Debs in Cleveland.
Cuyahoga Heights incorporated as a village.
1919May Day Riots in Cleveland.
Voters approve placement of a new railroad terminal on Public Square.
Community Fund campaign inaugurated.
Women's Advertising Club founded.
Valley View Village created.
1920Cleveland population--796,841 (5th largest city in nation).
Cuyahoga County population--943,495.
Cleveland Indians win the World Series.
The Cleveland Call, forerunner of the Call & Post, established.
Cleveland Museum of Natural History established.
League of Women Voters founded 26 April.
Gates Mills Village incorporated.
Highland Heights Village incorporated.
1921Mayfield Village incorporated.
State, Ohio, Allen, and Hanna theaters open.
Cleveland Clinic established.
Cleveland Heights becomes a city.
1922WHK begins radio broadcasting in Cleveland.
Public Auditorium dedicated 15 April.
Palace Theater opens 6 November.
Brecksville Village incorporated.
Cleveland's first sewage treatment plant built.
1923Federal Reserve bank building completed.
WTAM (forerunner of WWWE) established.
1924City Manager System of government goes into effect.
Republican National Convention held in Cleveland; nominates Calvin Coolidge as its presidential candidate.
Union Trust (Huntington Building) opens.
Metropolitan Opera of New York begins its annual series of visits to Cleveland.
Hunting Valley incorporated as a village.
Parma incorporated as a village.
Pepper Pike incorporated as a village.
1925New Public Library building opens.
Cleveland airport (now Hopkins International) opens.
University Hospitals incorporated.
First buses used in Cleveland.
1926Allen Memorial Medical Library opens.
Broadview Heights Village incorporated.
Riveredge Township created.
Constitutionality of local zoning laws upheld in the case of Village of Euclid vs. Ambler Realty.
1927Ohio Bell Telephone Building opens on Huron Road.
Drury Theater opens.
North Royalton Village incorporated.
Seven Hills Village incorporated.
Strongsville Village incorporated.
Warrensville Heights Village incorporated.
1928Brush Foundation established.
Maternal Health Association (now Planned Parenthood of Cleveland) established.
Village of Orange incorporated.
1929Cleveland Clinic disaster occurs 15 May.
National Air Races first held in Cleveland.
Bentleyville Village incorporated.
Moreland Hills Village incorporated.
1930Cleveland population--900,429 (5th largest city in nation).
Cuyahoga County population--1,201,455.
Cleveland Union Terminal dedicated.
WGAR starts broadcasting 15 December.
Bedford incorporated as a city.
Berea incorporated as a city.
Euclid achieves city status.
Garfield Heights achieves city status.
Rocky River achieves city status.
1931Cleveland Municipal Stadium opens with the Schmeling-Stribling fight.
Severance Hall dedicated.
Samuel Mather dies.
Parma achieves city status.
Shaker Heights achieves city status.
1932Real Property Inventory of Metropolitan Cleveland begun by Howard Whipple Green.
Maple Heights achieves city status.
City Manager plan replaced by Mayor/Council form of government.
Cosmopolitan Democratic League of Cuyahoga County formed in November.
1933Depression-era unemployment peaks in Cleveland: nearly one-third of the city's workers jobless.
Cleveland (now Cuyahoga) Metropolitan Housing Authority established.
1935Shostakovich opera Lady Macbeth of Mzensk receives its American premiere at Severance Hall.
Eliot Ness becomes Safety Director of Cleveland.
Women's Federal Savings and Loan established.
Future Outlook League established by John Holly.
Cleveland Torso Murder mystery begins.
1936Jesse Owens wins four gold medals at Berlin Olympic Games.
Cleveland Barons hockey team established.
Great Lakes Exposition opens.
Republican National Convention nominates Alf Landon as its presidential candidate in Cleveland.
Fluorescent lighting introduced at NELA Park.
UAW Local 45 organized at General Motors's Fisher Body Plant.
1937Cleveland Arena opens.
Cleveland Rams begin to play professional football.
John D. Rockefeller dies.
Public housing projects open at Outhwaite, Cedar-Central, and Lakeview Terrace.
1938Last interurban train (Lakeshore Electric) runs from Cleveland.
Shoreway opens between East 9th Street and Gordon Park.
WBOE, school radio station, begins broadcasting.
1939Main Avenue Bridge opens 6 October.
First night baseball game played at Cleveland Municipal Stadium.
First Festival of Freedom held.
35,000 attend mass dedication of Cultural Gardens (begun in 1916).
1940Cleveland population--878,366 (6th largest city in nation).
Cuyahoga County population--1,217,250.
NACA, forerunner of NASA, established at the Cleveland airport.
Franklin D. Roosevelt campaigns in Cleveland 2 November.
University Heights achieves city status.
1941Knights of Columbus Track Meet held in Cleveland for first time.
South Euclid achieves city status.
1942Cleveland Transit System begins era of municipal operation of Cleveland's public transit system 28 April.
Cleveland Bomber Plant (now the I-X Center) opens at Municipal Airport 2 November.
1944East Ohio Gas Explosion claims 130 lives 20 October.
Woodmere Village incorporated.
1945Cleveland Rams win NFL football title then move to Los Angeles.
Cleveland Community Relations Board formed to promote racial harmony.
1946Cleveland Browns begin play in All-American Football Conference.
1947Operations begin at the lakefront airport.
First successful defibrillation of a human heart by Dr. Claude S. Beck and colleagues at University Hospitals.
First telecast by WEWS, Ohio's first television station.
Cuyahoga County Regional Planning Commission formed.
1948Cleveland Indians win World Series.
1949Cleveland named an All-America City for first time.
1950Cleveland population--914,808 (highest ever, 7th largest city in nation).
Cuyahoga County population--1,389,532.
Browns enter the NFL and win the title.
Village of Bay (Bay Village) incorporated as a city.
Mayfield Heights incorporated as a city.
Cleveland City Council passes a Fair Employment Practices law, the first such city law in the United States.
1951Bedford Heights incorporated as a village.
Fairview Park achieves city status.
Lyndhurst achieves city status.
Oakwood Village incorporated.
Walton Hills Village incorporated.
1953Development of Southgate Shopping Center begins.
1954Last streetcars run 24 January.
Marilyn Sheppard murdered in her Bay Village home.
1955Rapid Transit begins operation.
1957Westlake achieves city status.
1959Parma Heights incorporated as a city.
St. Lawrence Seaway opens.
1960Cleveland population--876,050 (8th largest city in nation).
Cuyahoga County population--1,647,895.
Erieview urban renewal plan unveiled 22 November.
Final issue of the Cleveland News published 23 January.
Brecksville achieves city status.
Broadview Heights achieves city status.
Independence achieves city status.
North Olmsted achieves city status.
Richmond Heights achieves city status.
Strongsville achieves city status.
Warrensville Heights achieves city status.
1961William Taylor Son & Co. first major downtown department store to close.
Bedford Heights achieves city status.
Brook Park achieves city status.
Middleburg Heights incorporated as city.
North Royalton achieves city status.
Olmsted Falls achieves city status.
Seven Hills achieves city status.
Solon achieves city status.
1962Innerbelt Freeway opens for its full length.
1963Severance Center Mall opens.
1964Cleveland State University established 18 December.
1965WVIZ, educational television station, begins operation 7 February.
1966Cuyahoga Community College opens its Metro Campus.
Hough Riots occur 18-24 July.
1967First successful coronary artery bypass operation performed at the Cleveland Clinic by Dr. Rene Favaloro.
Carl B. Stokes elected as first black mayor of a major American city.
Highland Heights becomes a city.
1968Northeast Ohio Area Coordinating Agency formed.
Glenville Shootout, 23-28 July.
1969The Palace Theater, last operating movie house on Playhouse Square, closes 20 July.
A burning oil slick on the Cuyahoga River attracts national attention, 22 June.
Euclid Beach closes 28 September.
Cleveland American Indian Center founded.
1970Cleveland population--750,879 (12th largest city in nation).
Cuyahoga County population--1,720,835.
Cleveland Cavaliers Basketball team organized.
Pepper Pike achieves city status.
Twenty-First District Caucus organized.
1971Cleveland Landmarks Commission established.
1972Northeast Ohio Regional Sewer District formed from Cleveland's sewer system and those of neighboring suburbs.
First issue of Cleveland Magazine published in April.
1973Cleveland Barons play their last hockey game at the Arena 4 February.
1974Greater Cleveland Regional Transit Authority established 30 December.
1976Desegregation of the Cleveland Public Schools ordered by U.S. District Judge Frank J. Battisti.
First public performance by Cleveland Ballet.
1978On 15 December Cleveland becomes first major American city to default on its obligations since the Depression.
1980Cleveland population--573,822 (19th largest city in nation).
Cuyahoga County population--1,498,400.
Nationally televised Presidential Debate between Jimmy Carter and Ronald Reagan held in Cleveland 28 October.
1981City Council reduced from 33 to 21 members.
Term of office for mayor and council members increased from 2 to 4 years.
1982Ground broken for the Sohio (BP) Building on Public Square.
Last issue of Cleveland Press published 17 June.
Cleveland named an All-America City for second time.
1983United Food and Commercial Workers Local 880 formed through the merger of three locals.
1984Cleveland named an All-America City for third time.
Cuyahoga Works of United States Steel closes.
1986Cleveland named an All-America City for fourth time.
Cleveland selected as site for Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
1987Cleveland emerges from default.
1990Cleveland population--505,616 (23rd largest city in the nation).
Cuyahoga County population--1,412,140.
Tower City Center formally opens 29 March.
1991Society Center Building "topped off" at 948.7 feet.
1993Cleveland Indians play their last game at Municipal Stadium 3 October.
Church Square Shopping Center, centerpiece for inner-city revitalization, dedicated in April.
Cleveland named an All-America City for fifth time.
1994Gateway Sports Complex opens.
Frederick C. Crawford dies 9 December.
1995Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum opens.
Indians win American League championship.
Browns owner Art Modell announces he will move the team to Baltimore.
1996Cleveland celebrates its Bicentennial.
1997Cleveland Indians win American League pennant, but lose the World Series in seven games to the Florida Marlins.
1999Expansion Cleveland Browns play their first game
2000Cleveland population--478,403 (33rd largest city in the nation).
Cuyahoga County population--1,393,848
Cleveland murder total hits lowest mark in forty years.
2001Jane Campbell is elected as Cleveland's first female mayor.
2004Democratic Presidential candidate John Kerry holds election eve rally in Cleveland highlighting its importance to the 2004 election.
2006State law is passed which prohibits cities like Cleveland from enforcing a residency requirement for municpal jobs.
2007Cleveland Cavaliers reach the NBA Finals for the first time.
2010Cleveland population--396,815 45th largest city in the nation)
Cuyahoga County population--1,280,122
2011Anthony Sowell convicted of murdering eleven women.
Construction begins on downtown medical mart.

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