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The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History

JEWISH COMMUNITY CENTER - The Encyclopedia of Cleveland History

The JEWISH COMMUNITY CENTER (JCC) was formed in 1948 by a merger of 4 agencies, the Jewish Young Adult Bureau, the Council Educational Alliance, CAMP WISE, and the Cultural Department of the Jewish Community Council (see JEWISH COMMUNITY FEDERATION). The new organization centralized and expanded existing programs, aiding the integration of Jewish immigrants into American life. It offered community activities for every stage of the life cycle. The oldest component of the JCC, the Council Educational Alliance (CEA), was founded in 1899 at E. 20th St. and Woodland Ave., where it offered citizenship, English, and craft classes to East European immigrants. It moved several times, finally locating at E. 135th St. and Kinsman (1928). It replaced AMERICANIZATION programs with cultural programs, recreational activities, and, during the Depression, vocational guidance for its American-born patrons. As the Jewish community spread geographically, the CEA established branches at E. 105th, E. 123rd, and Lee and Superior roads. Camp Wise began in 1907 as a fresh-air camp for poor and underprivileged children. Built on property in EUCLID donated by SAMUEL D. WISE†, it was considered one of the best-equipped campsites in the country, attracting children of all backgrounds. The third agency that preceded the JCC was the Jewish Young Adult Bureau (JYAB). Formed in 1939 to coordinate some 50 recreational and cultural programs citywide, the JYAB became the Jewish Young Adult Services Div. of the JCC. Finally, the Cultural Department of the Jewish Community Council was organized in 1945 to revitalize Jewish cultural activities for adults. After a survey, it concluded that there was no central body to organize or coordinate Jewish art and culture. To meet this need, the department sponsored a Jewish arts festival, committees for MUSIC and ART, and a Yiddish Cultural Committee.

Located in a central office at 2059 E. 105th St., the JCC added a Golden Age Services Div., a new daycamp program, and a drama department. Programs offered in the branches were now centrally planned, with the building of the JCC at Mayfield and Taylor roads in CLEVELAND HEIGHTS in 1960. Extension programs brought JCC services to the SUBURBS. Camp Wise and its sister camp, Camp Henry Baker, relocated to Halle Park in Burton. In the 1960s-70s the JCC added senior lunch services, daycare, and programs to help the socialization of Soviet Jews (see JEWS & JUDAISM, IMMIGRATION AND MIGRATION). In 1981 a master plan recommended major renovation of the Mayfield Rd. building and construction of a daycamp and family recreation area as well as a second site. The JCC completed the Mandel Jewish Community Center in 1986, a $13 million building on 53 acres of land at Richmond, and South Woodland roads, BEACHWOOD. In 1995 the JCC administered both facilities from offices at the Mandel site and Carl Krantz served as director.

Jewish Community Center Records, WRHS.

Last Modified: 04 Mar 1998 04:36:37 PM

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